Laparoscopic surgery, also known as minimally invasive surgery, is a surgical technique that uses small incisions and specialized instruments to access and operate on internal organs and tissues. The instruments used in laparoscopic surgery are designed to fit through these small incisions and allow the surgeon to perform precise movements with minimal tissue damage.
Here are some basic hand instruments used in laparoscopic surgery:
Trocar: A trocar is a sharp, pointed instrument used to puncture the abdominal wall and create an entry port for the laparoscope and other instruments.
Graspers: Graspers are instruments used to hold and manipulate tissues or organs during laparoscopic surgery. They come in different sizes and shapes and can have serrated or smooth jaws.
Scissors: Laparoscopic scissors have long, thin blades that can be used to cut or dissect tissues. They can be straight or curved and may have a blunt or pointed tip.
Clip applier: A clip applier is an instrument that applies small metal clips to occlude blood vessels or seal tissues during surgery.
Endo stitch: An endo stitch is a device used to suture tissues together during laparoscopic surgery. It consists of a needle holder and a suture passer.
Retractors: Laparoscopic retractors are used to hold the tissue or organ in place during surgery. They come in different shapes and sizes and can be used for a variety of procedures.
Cautery: A cautery is an instrument that uses heat or electricity to cut or coagulate tissues during surgery.
Needle holder: A needle holder is an instrument used to hold and manipulate a needle during suturing.
These are just some of the basic hand instruments used in laparoscopic surgery. There are many more specialized instruments designed for specific procedures or applications.